Provisional Patent Application

Since June 8, 1995, the United States brevettent and the office of registered trademark (USPTO) offered to inventors the option to deposit a temporary request for patent. The temporary patent application was conceived to provide a first classification inexpensive of patent to the United States and to give to applicants of the United States the parity with the foreign applicants under the terms of the agreements of cycle of Uruguay GATT. 

A temporary patent application is a national request of the United States of patent classified in the USPTO. The temporary patent application lets classify without formal complaint of patent, oath or declaration, or any report/ratio of former art of revelation of information or. It provides the means of early establishing an effective date of classification in a not-temporary request for patent deposited. It also makes it possible the limit with the pending patent to be applied. 

A temporary patent application (temporary application) has one period of pendency which will last 12 months of the date the temporary application is classified. The twelve months period of pendency cannot be prolonged. Consequently, an applicant who deposits a temporary request for patent must deposit a corresponding not-temporary request for patent (not-temporary application) during the twelve months period of pendency of the temporary patent application in order to earlier draw benefit from the classification of the temporary patent application. 

Once a temporary request for patent is deposited, an alternative to deposit a corresponding not-temporary application is to convert the temporary application into not-temporary application by depositing a request octroyable requiring such a conversion in the 12 months of the date of temporary classification of application. 
However, the conversion of a temporary patent application into not-temporary application (against depositing a not-temporary application claiming the advantage of the temporary application) will have an negative impact on the limit of patent. The limit of a patent publishing of a not-temporary application resulting from the conversion of a temporary application will be measured starting from the original date of classification of the temporary application. 

By depositing a temporary request for patent initially, and by then depositing a corresponding not-temporary application which puts in reference the temporary patent application during twelve months the temporary period of pendency of patent application, a final point of limit of patent can be prolonged close step less than 12 months. 
To be complete, a temporary patent application must also include the fees of classification and a protective sheet container what follows: 

* the application like temporary patent; 
* names of all the inventors; 
* residences of inventor; 
* title of the invention; 
* name and number of number of the number of agent or agent and register (if it is suitable); 
* addresses correspondence; and 
* any government organization of the USA which has an interest of property for the application.

Demystifying the Premarital Agreement

It is safe to say that while preparing for their wedding day a majority of couples deal with the “prewedding jitters.” They are concerned about the weather, food quality, limousine service, entertainment, photography, and a plethora of minute details that would certainly overwhelm any ordinary person. But that same majority never even considers a premarital agreement.

There is a common misconception that a premarital agreement is only necessary for the “super rich.” It is often thought that its only use is to protect premarital assets and post-marital acquisitions. Although this is the most common use of a premarital agreement, it must be noted that it may be employed in a variety of ways. For example, a premarital agreement may be used to anticipate support obligations, tax issues, living expenses, property distribution, and educational expenses for children. It may be used to contemplate, premarriage, any major concerns or issues that may cause a rift in a relationship and ultimately lead to a divorce. At the very least, it may be used as an opportunity to explore issues that a future spouse might otherwise be hesitant to discuss.

Prior to 1984, New Jersey case law provided little guidance regarding the validity and enforcement of premarital agreements. Finally in 1984, the New Jersey Superior Court drafted an opinion that provided rules that could be followed. In the case of Marschall v. Marschall, 195 N.J. Super. 16(Ch.Div.1984) the court held that premarital agreements are enforceable when there is full financial disclosure of assets and the agreement is not unconscionable.

In 1988 the Legislature enacted the Uniform Premarital Agreement Act, N.J.S.A. 37:2-31, which reflected the legal principals that were established by Marschall and post-Marschall case law. The statute provides that

Parties to a premarital agreement may contract with respect to:

  1. The rights and obligations of each of the parties in any of the property of either or both of them whenever and wherever acquired or located;
  2. The right to buy, sell, use, transfer, exchange, abandon, lease, consume, expend, assign, create a security interest in, mortgage, encumber, dispose of, or otherwise manage and control property;
  3. The disposition of property upon separation, marital dissolution, death, or the occurrence or nonoccurrence of any other event;
  4. The modification or elimination of spousal support;
  5. The making of a will, trust, or other arrangement to carry out the provisions of the agreement;
  6. The ownership rights in and disposition of the death benefit from a life insurance policy;
  7. The choice of law governing the construction of the agreement; and
  8. Any other matter, including their personal rights and obligations, not in violation of public policy.

The statute supports public policy by allowing parties to freely enter into a contract. The parties are free to set the terms and conditions of the contract. The courts will uphold the contract without regard to the oddity of its terms or its unbalanced results.

However, the courts will not uphold the contract if the statutory requirements have not been met. The Uniform Premarital Agreement Act clearly provides the requirements for the enforceability of a premarital agreement. The act states that

The burden of proof to set aside a premarital agreement shall be upon the party alleging the agreement to be unenforceable. A premarital agreement shall not be enforceable if the party seeking to set aside the agreement proves, by clear and convincing evidence, that:

  1. The party executed the agreement involuntarily; or
  2. The agreement was unconscionable at the time enforcement was sought; or
  3. That party, before execution of the agreement:
    1. Was not provided full and fair disclosure of the earnings, property and financial obligations of the other party;
    2. Did not voluntarily and expressly waive, in writing, any right to disclosure of the property or financial obligations of the other party beyond the disclosure provided;
    3. Did not have, or reasonably could not have had, an adequate knowledge of the property or financial obligations of the other party; or
    4. Did not consult with independent legal counsel and did not voluntarily and expressly waive, in writing, the opportunity to consult with independent legal counsel.
  4. The issue of unconscionability of a premarital agreement shall be determined by the court as a matter of law.


N.J.S.A. 37:2-38

Under N.J.S.A. 37:2-32c, an ?unconscionable premarital agreement means an agreement, either due to a lack of property or unemployability: (1) Which would render a spouse without a means of reasonable support; (2) Which would make a spouse a public charge; or (3) Which would provide a standard of living far below that which was enjoyed before the marriage.? N.J.S.A. 37:2-32c

The premarital agreement is well supported by public policy, case law, and statute. It is a document that allows two parties to carefully consider their economic and personal goals and to reach an accord on the basis of those considerations. It has the ability to eliminate uncertainty regarding moral standpoints. It can provide an opportunity for a spouse to voice a concern or opinion before entering into marriage. The premarital agreement can be used to bring out any major issues that might lead to argument and ultimately divorce.

It is our hope that the premarital agreement will no longer be seen as a tool employed only by the “super-rich.” We hope that it will be seen as an opportunity for discussion and agreement pre-marriage. We hope that it will help to reduce the number of failed marriages in New Jersey.

DUI

DUI DEFENSE ATTORNEYS IN BUTTE COUNTY

Chico California DUI Attorney

Amaya & Associates Attorneys At Law, concentrate in the aggressive defense of DUI – Driving Under the Influence charges resulting from drunk driving arrests throughout Northern California and the Sacramento Valley.  Our attorneys have handled hundreds of cases and are well experienced in litigating DUI charges both in court and DMV hearings. As a DUI defense law office we are dedicated DUI lawyers committed to resolving your DUI charges. 

You only have 10 calendar days after your DUI arrest to contact the DMV and arrange a DMV hearing before your driver’s license is suspended.  You do not have a right to a public defender at DMV hearings. As DUI defense attorneys we will contact DMV on your behalf for FREE when you call our Chico or Sacramento office to discuss your case. DMV or court actions remain in your driving record for 10 years. Call Amaya & Associates Attorneys At Law immediately.

DUI CHARGES AND PENALTIES

DUI AttorneyAccording to California DUI Law you can be charged with a DUI if you have a blood alcohol concentration of .08% or above, or have drugs in your system, whether they are illegal or prescription drugs. If you are under 21 years old, you will be charged with a DUI if your alcohol level is .01% or above.  Driving under the influence arrests can result in misdemeanor or felony charges.

Some possible DUI misdemeanor charges penalties can range from (1) license suspension for 4 months or up to 4 years depending on whether it is your 1st, 2nd, 3rd, or 4th DUI offense, (2) mandatory DUI classes for 3 to18 months, (3) probation from 1 to 5 years, (4) jail, (5) costly fines, (6) community services and (7) increased insurance rates.  Felony DUI charges can be filed in criminal court when there is bodily injury or death resulting from a traffic collision while driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Felony DUI charges can carry the possibility of state prison.

DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUECE DEFENSES

The truth about most DUI court cases is that they are settled before trial. Our DUI attorneys aggressive court representation and positive communication with local district attorneys and judges has lead to charges being reduced and in some cases dismissed.  Our clients have obtained favorable results due to our extensive experience defending cases of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Same Sex Issues In Society

Several of the community who in opposition to of gay wedding trepidation that by allow same-sex couple to get married, it will diminish the unassailability of heterosexual wedding. Several of them supposed that wedding is amalgamation with the principle of create and raise family. They quarrel that kids charge better in family headed by a man and a woman.

Group of people who oppose with equate gay rights by means of the fight for racial impartiality. They say that homosexuality is not an instinctive feature, other than to selected performance that does not be worthy of special defense under the commandment. Some religious leaders say allowing gay marriages will give a stamp of approval to a behavior that they believe is immoral. For further information about the same sex visit famil-laws.org.

Substantial Health

Ill sexual behaviors occur between both the heterosexuals and homosexuals. Yet the health checks up and communal knowledge  evident show that homosexual activities is consistently unwell. Even though both male and female homosexual examine show the way to increase in sexually pass on disease, the practice and disease be adequately dissimilar that they value divide conversation.

Same Sex Homosexual Nature

Man having sex with other man lead to better physical condition risks than man have sex with woman not only for the reason that of filthiness but in addition because of the life of sex among man. It can be summarize the hazard as follow.

Male homosexual performance is not merely either ‘lively’ or ‘inactive,’ since penile-anal, mouth-penile, and hand-anal sexual get in touch with is usual for both partners, or mouth-anal make contact with is not few and far between. Mouth-anal contact is the reason for the comparatively elevated occurrence of diseases cause by bowel pathogens in male homosexuals. Disturbance may give confidence the entry of micro-organisms and thus lead to most important syphilitic lesion happening in a genital area. In adding together to sodomy, trauma may be caused by foreign bodies, including stimulators of an assortment of kinds, penile adornment, and prostheses.

Even though the specific activities addressed below may be practiced by heterosexuals at times, homosexual men engage in these activities to a far greater extent.